Aromatic, sour, expressive and delicious, it doesn’t matter which one you prefer, white wines will always adorn your table with exquisite flavors and textures.

We invite you on a walk through the full range of incomparable sights, smells and flavors offered by the main types of white wines in the world.

1. Chardonnay

When you think of a white wine, you usually evoke the flavors, aromas and other attributes of the great classic of this type of beverage: chardonnay, a varietal that heads the list of the most used worldwide in wine aging whites.

The Chardonnay grape originates from Chardonnay, in the legendary wine region of Burgundy, central-eastern France, where it was already known in the 10th century.

It is a green grape that grows well everywhere, from South Africa to New Zealand and from California’s Napa Valley to Chile’s Maipo Valley. Participates in countless mixtures for the production of sparkling wines in the world, including champagne.

Characteristics of chardonnay wines

The Chardonnay grape has a particular natural acidity, so the aging of its wines requires adjustments in its fermentation to soften it and obtain silkier notes.

Malolactic fermentation adds a noticeably creamy and light aftertaste, which has led to its association with caramel and butter.

Among the types of white wine, Chardonnay stands out for its fruity bursts of green apple, pineapple, lemon and celery, rounded off with a sweet finish with hints of coconut or caramel.

These wines can range from the sweet side to the dry side, though their unique finish always prevents them from becoming too flat or dessert-like.

If you prefer to drink a lighter Chardonnay, opt for one whose label indicates that it is “without oak” or “without wood”. The butteriest are those aged in Europe in aged oak barrels.

Chardonnay wine pairing

A glass of chardonnay works wonders with pastas that have sauces based on olive oil, butter and garlic and with semi-soft white cheeses like Chevres, Fontina and Halloumi.

It also goes perfectly with edamame, peas, and fish such as trout, sturgeon, halibut, and even salmon. It also goes well with seitan, tempeh, turkey and chicken breast, and most nuts, especially almonds and cashews.

Main producing regions of chardonnay wines

The United States stands out among the world’s producers of chardonnay wines, with most of its vineyards in California and important plantations in Oregon and Washington state.

France is the first European breeder of Chardonnay, mainly in Champagne and Burgundy, the place of origin of the grape.

They are followed by Australia (regions of the Swan Valley, Margaret River and Yarra Valley), Italy (Piedmont, Lombardy, Tuscany, Alto Adige, Abruzzo, Sicily), South Africa (Constantia, Paarls, Robertson, Overberg), Chile (Elqui Valley & Limarí , Maipo Valley, Casablanca Valley, San Antonio Valley, Itata Valley and other regions), Argentina (Mendoza) and Moldavia (Codru).


Rieslings are also one of the types of white wines popular in the world for their variety of flavor profiles, from the sweet ones from the Moselle Valley (Germany) made with late-harvest grapes, to their drier counterparts from Alsace (France) and the state of Washington (USA).

It is a breed of white grape native to the Rhine region of Germany and its existence has been documented since the fifteenth century.

It is generally harvested in cool climates and is the most widely grown grape in Germany. In France it is produced in Alsace and also occupies notable areas in Argentina and Chile.

Riesling wines are not high in alcohol content and are unlikely to overwhelm the taste buds when drunk alone or paired with food.

The best Riesling wines do not undergo much fermentation, so the oak has little influence on their aging process, making it a different white wine as it can be bottled and then left to age.

Characteristics of Riesling wines

Riesling grapes are highly fragrant and can be handled to tart ripeness or left in the vineyard for a more refined and long-lasting finish.

In any case, these wines have a sharp profile, fresh and high acidity, regardless of whether they are made to be sweet or dry. It offers notes of honey, lime, green apples, apricot and earthy minerals.

Tastes tend to be drier and deeper as they age in the bottle, as the Riesling grape matures quickly without developing very complex flavors.

Riesling wine pairing

Riesling wine is recommended to be served on the cold side at a temperature between 45-50°F (7.2-10°C). Its lightness and joy suits a variety of ethnic or spicy snacks and dishes, such as Indian or Thai curries, Vietnamese Bánh Mì, chips with guacamole, miso, soba and udon.

It also accompanies traditional German Spätzle, sesame chicken, pork dishes, shrimp tacos, fish and dumplings.

Main Riesling wine producing regions

Germany is the country that absorbs the largest production of Riesling wine. The German grape is notoriously transparent and absorbs very well the aromas and flavors of the terroirs, giving rise to fresh, slightly sweet wines with sharp acidity.

The harvest in Germany starts at the end of September and can last until January for certain wines.

The production of French Riesling is concentrated in Alsace, on the left bank of the Rhine, on the border with Germany.

The calcareous soil of the Alsace plain gives French Riesling a different profile than German Riesling.

Alsatian wines are not usually consumed young, they have a higher alcohol content due to their longer stay in barrels and they tend to be dry and have a clear acidity.

The main Chilean plantations are in the central-southern zone of the country with a colder climate, especially in the Curicó, Rapel and Maule valleys.

The Riesling vines grown in Argentina (provinces of Mendoza, Neuquén, Río Negro and Chubut) are the southernmost on the planet. There are also notable areas planted in Austria, the Czech Republic, Italy and Luxembourg.

3. Pinot Gris

Pinot gris or grauburgunder is a blue-gray grape used to make excellent white wine, especially in Alsace, Germany, Italy (where its clone is called pinot grigio), and the United States.

This white wine whose color ranges from golden yellow to slightly pink evokes its red grape origins. Those produced in Alsace are full-bodied and have spicy notes, while the Italian ones are lighter and more acidic.

The grape in Burgundy has been known since the Middle Ages and from there it spread to the rest of France and Europe. It was the favorite wine of Charles IV of Luxembourg, Holy Roman Emperor who promoted the cultivation of the varietal in his vast domains.

Characteristics of pinot gris wines

They present notable variations, depending on the region and the winemaking process.

Alsatians are medium to full bodied with a delicious floral aroma. Although Pinot Gris wines are made to be drunk young, those from Alsace age well in the bottle.

The German Pinot Gris is more corporeal and its acidity-sweetness balance is slight. In the United States, those from California are light and offer refreshing notes of arugula and pepper, while those from Oregon are medium-bodied, full of apples, pears and melon, and copper-pink in color.

Italian Pinot Gris is light in color, light in body and somewhat acidic in taste.

Pairing of pinot gris wines

It is recommended to serve it at 7.3 °C (45 °F). Its expressive and semi-dry flavors pair very well with white fish (tilapia, sole, sea bass), oysters and mussels, carbonara spaghetti and cream sauces.

They also go well with summer squashes, smoked foods, especially salmon, citrus fruits, particularly pineapple; melons, grilled skewers and roast chicken.

Main producing regions of pinot gris wines

Pinot gris is one of the main grapes grown in Alsace, where thanks to the dry autumns they are left on the vine longer, producing stronger wines.

In Germany there are plantations in Ahr, Baden, Franconia, Moselle, Nahe, Palatinate, Saxony, Wurttemberg and in other regions of the country.

Italian Pinot Gris vineyards are found in the vicinity of Oltrepo Pavese, Lombardy region, in Alto Adige (north-eastern Italy) and in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, where it is one of the most cultivated varietals.

In Oregon (USA) are the largest organic Pinot Gris plantations in the world. The Californian wine is called pinot grigio because of its Italian-like style.

4. Pinot Blanc

Among white wine types, Pinot Blancs are among the driest and roundest-bodied in the large family.

While pinot gris are distinguished by their expressive bursts of isolated flavors, pinot blancs take more time with a medium body that fades between sweet and smoky.

It is a famous wine in Alsace, the region of origin of the varietal as a product of a genetic mutation of the Pinot Gris grape, which in turn arose by altering the Pinot Noir.

In France, it is common to blend Pinot Blanc with Klevner and Auxerrois Blanc, to give the wines more Alsatian flavors.

In the 1930s, Pinot Blanc was crossed with Riesling in Italy, creating the white grape Manzoni Bianco. Apart from France, other regions that stand out in the cultivation of Pinot Blanc are Austria, Germany, Italy and the United States.

Characteristics of Pinot Blanc wines

Although still incredibly light, Pinot Blancs are noticeably musky on both the nose and the palate, with the best adding hints of dried fruit. However, its medium body is not overwhelmed by its unique mix of light and intense flavors.

You’ll find in your glass of pinot blanc notes of pear, yellow apple, and lemon, mixed with walnuts, star anise, mulch, and applewood.

These wines finish with slightly sour notes due to their stable acidity levels. This can be mitigated with barrel aging as occurs in the United States and Argentina, but lighter versions seek to emphasize their fruity and tart notes while avoiding oak.

Pairing of pinot blanc wines

Pinot Blanc wines are suitable for easy-to-eat dishes such as roast chicken, turkey, quiches, baked eggs, onion tarts, scalloped and baked potatoes, mashed potatoes, roasted zucchini and cauliflower. They also pair well with boeuf bourguignon, chickpea-based dishes like falafel, and steak and chips.

Main producing regions of pinot blanc wines

The largest cultivated area of ​​the varietal in France is in Alsace, where it is widely used for still wines and for sparkling Crémant d’Alsace (as monovoarietal and in blends with auxerrois blanc, pinot gris, and the vinified pinot noir ink for white). It is also grown in Burgundy and Champagne.

Germany’s largest vineyards are in the Baden and Palatinate wine regions, while in Italy the grape is grown in more than 20 provinces and counties, including Alto Adige, Castel del Monte, Franciacorta, Terlano, Trento and Trentino.

In the United States it is in California, although many vines originally planted as Pinot Blanc were actually of the Burgundy Melon variety, an error discovered in the 1980s.

Although on a small scale, good grapes and Pinot Blanc wines are produced in Canada’s Okanagan Valley.

5. Sauvignon-blanc

Among the types of dry white wines, Sauvignon Blanc is one of the favorites. It is one of the white wines with the greenest flavor and the grape is one of the most planted in the world, so its products present a wide range of proverbial aromas and flavors.

The Sauvignon Blanc grape is originally from Bordeaux and is currently planted throughout the world, such as in regions of France, New Zealand, Spain, the United States, Chile, Italy, Argentina, Australia, Canada, South Africa and Brazil.

Depending on the microclimate of the terroir, the range of sauvignon blanc flavors can range from tropically sweet to powerful herbaceous.

The trend is towards a wine with higher acidity, herbal and tropical fruit flavors, with cooler climates. On the other hand, in warmer climates, fruity flavors prevail.

Characteristics of sauvignon blanc wines

These wines have some of the highest acidity levels and the most defined fruit and vegetable flavors, with the presence of grapefruit, elderflowers, fresh grass cuttings, green pepper, marjoram and tomatillo, with a dry finish.

New Zealand sauvignon blanc wines tend to be fruitier than French ones. The younger the wine, the heavier the green and herbaceous notes regardless of the aging region. Its maturation produces more pronounced and heavy-bodied waves, including peach and nectarine.

Arguably the best Sauvignon Blanc wines are those that manage to balance their herbal attributes with their sour, silky and intense fruit flavors, with a quick finish.

Pairing of sauvignon blanc wines

The next time you open a bottle of sauvignon blanc, consider pairing it with mushroom risotto, pesto pasta, potato and pasta salads, vinegar-based barbecue sauces, and minced or ground meats.

It also pairs with blue cheeses, stringy green vegetables like Brussels sprouts and asparagus; hummus, mint ice cream and mint chocolates.

Main producing regions of sauvignon blanc wines

In France, Sauvignon Blanc is grown in Bordeaux where it is one of the 4 white varietals allowed to produce white Bordeaux wines.

The Bordeaux grape gives a dry wine and is widely used for blends.

Sauvignon blanc from the Loire Valley matures more slowly, giving a balance between acidity and sugar.

The grape has adapted very well in New Zealand where it represents more than half of the cultivated area.

By closing sauvignon blanc bottles with screw caps, New Zealanders once caused a stir in the wine world.

The main plantations in Spain are in Castilla y León, where the wines from the Marqués de Riscal winery are famous.

In the United States, the main producing region is the Napa Valley and in Chile, the Valparaíso region.

6. Gewurztraminer

The reddish-pink Gewürztraminer is classified as a white wine grape that produces a very light, refreshing and pleasantly spicy white wine, ideal for warm summer evenings.

At some point in the Middle Ages, around the 10th century, the traminer grape, originally from Termeno, in what is now the Italian region of Trentino-Alto Adige, was brought to Alsace and the Palatinate region where it mutated into the Gewürztraminer.

Characteristics of Gewürztraminer wines

Few wines are as floral and spicy as Gewürztraminer, and even the most renowned for their natural sweetness are unmatched in juiciness and orchard and garden flavours.

These wines have a distinctive aromatic profile that begins to attract as soon as it begins to fall in the glass.

Gewürztraminer grapes are inherently odorous and capable of fooling the senses into thinking they have more sweetness and less acidity than they really do.

The wine offers bouquets of lavender and rose petals, followed by notes of lychee (arbarinoia), strawberries, pineapple, peach and allspice.

Gewürztraminer wine pairing

Gewürztraminer pair with vibrant, well-seasoned dishes like madras curries, couscous, and spiced lentils; sweet and sour chicken and beef satay in peanut sauce, chili peppers and fatty meats such as salami and bacon. It also goes very well with sushi, grilled sausages, roasted aubergines and creamy soups.

Main producing regions of Gewürztraminer wines

The largest Gewürztraminer vineyards are in Germany and France, especially Alsace, where it is the second most widely planted varietal and where it is one of the symbols of the regional wine sector.

Alsatian wineries produce wines from very dry to very sweet, which have gained popularity as dessert wines.

German Gewürztraminer wines are relatively dry, masking the natural exuberance of the fruit.

In the United States, it is grown mainly on the West Coast (Sonoma, Monterey, Mendocino), New York, Oregon, and the Columbia Valley in Washington state.

There are also vineyards in Spain (Aragón, Asturias, Navarra, La Rioja and other communities), Italy (alpine slopes of Trentino-Alto Adige) and Chile (wine-growing regions of the Central Valley).

7. Muscat

Numerous family of grapes that includes some 200 varieties, which many specialists consider to be the oldest, so Muscatel would be the mother of all wines.

Some theories place its origin in ancient Egypt and others in ancient Persia, although it is believed that it was propagated during Classical Antiquity by the Greeks and Romans.

The grape is used to make the famous Spanish Muscatel and Italian Muscat wines and to produce the Italian sparkling wine Asti in the Piedmont region.

Muscatels are a favorite of white wine drinkers with a sweet palate. Another of its attributes is its low alcohol content, which can be as low as 5%.

Muscat grapes grow best in warm climates, so their main production area in Europe is the Mediterranean, including Spain, France and Italy. Portugal is also a major producer.

Characteristics of Muscatel wines

Spanish Muscatel wine is dry and aromatic and can undergo partial fermentation to obtain a semi-sweet product. Likewise, the grape is used to make a liqueur wine called mistela.

French wines are sweet and silky, while Italian wines are smooth and have a languid sweetness that dances in the mouth.

Muscats have a sweet profile without much acidity or aftertaste, with notes of orange blossom, Japanese pear, white cherries and lilac.

The Muscat variety includes sparkling versions with bubbles that add an element of texture. These wines are capable of enhancing certain main dishes and appetizers.

Pairing of muscatel wines

Muscats make an incomparable alliance with desserts, something difficult to achieve even with other sweet white wines.

Sponge cakes, vanilla custard, ice cream, semi-sweet dark chocolate and poached pears are some sweet dishes to accompany wine.

Main dishes to pair with muscatel are those with a bold flavor profile and able to maintain their nature, such as spicy Jamaican chicken, marinated tofu, buffalo wings, pozole, gumbo and jambalaya soups.

Main producing regions of muscatel wines

The European Mediterranean countries are the main producers of muscatel, where the fruit is used for vinification, making raisins and eaten as a table grape.

The main Spanish production regions are Malaga and Axarquia, Alicante (Teulada, Jalón, Gata de Gorgos), Valencia (Chiva, Turís, Godelleta, Cheste) and Cádiz (Chipiona, Chiclana).

In France, small grains are called muscatel blanc and the main producing region is the Rhône Valley.

In Italy, Muscatel plantations are concentrated in Piedmont. In Argentina, as in Italy, these wines are called muscats and a popular dish from the River Plate is a pizza with a glass of muscatel.

Portugal’s sweet Muscatel wine is widely produced in the Setúbal peninsula, south of Lisbon, as well as in Alijó, Favaios and other Douro River terroirs in the north of the country.

In Australia, the grape is used to make a kind of sherry cream.

8. Semillon

Despite the fact that the Semillon grape is, along with Sauvignon Blanc and Muscat, one of the 3 white varieties authorized to make wine under the Bordeaux appellation of origin, its rich and complex wines are little known and are rarely seen on the menus of the restaurants.

It became a widely spread grape throughout the world, being present in 90% of South African vineyards in the 19th century, where it was called “wine grape” (wyndruif). Towards the middle of the 20th century it constituted 75% of Chile’s vineyards.

It is a grape that has the virtue of rotting nobly, because when in contact with the fungus Botrytis cinerea under certain conditions of temperature and humidity, the plant pathogen softens the skin of the fruit, allowing the grape to dehydrate, adopting the appearance of a passes and concentrating its sugars and acidity, suitable for making sweet and creamy wines.

Characteristics of semillon wines

Semillon wines offer prominent herbaceous notes like Sauvignon Blanc while maintaining an acidity and body close to Chardonnay.

Flavors tend to linger in the mouth longer, leaving more nuanced tastes than experienced on the first sip.

The texture of these wines has been described as waxy or oily, while their flavors are strong and bright. This is an impressive division difficult to find in other white wines.

They tend to have a heavier, spicier flavor profile than other types of white wine.

Those produced in hot climates like South Africa feature notes of papaya, mango and white pepper. Those raised in cold climates retain higher levels of acidity, with flavors of limes, figs and ginger.

Semillon wine pairing

This wine with a strong initial expression and attenuated aftertaste is magnificent to combine with white fish, clams, mussels, pâté, foie gras, roasted pork chops, hard cheeses such as cheddar and gruyere, ham, sweet potatoes, butternut squash and black bean soup. .

Main producing regions of semillon wines

Semillon’s main producing region is Bordeaux, France, where the grape is often blended with Sauvignon Blanc and Muscat.

In dry blended wines it is generally used as a minor component, while in sweet wines it is the varietal with the highest proportion.

Other producing countries are Chile, where it is believed that the largest area of ​​vineyards is located; Israel, USA (California), Portugal, South Africa, Australia and Argentina, where it is planted in the Valle de Uco (province of Mendoza) and in the Alto Valle del Río Negro (provinces of Río Negro and Neuquén).

9. Viognier

Viognier is one of the most difficult types of white wines to breed due to the propensity of the vine to powdery mildew (a plant disease) and the problems posed by the harvest, which must be done at the right time.

The grapes harvested very early present deficiencies in aromas and flavors, while those that are overripe give an oily wine with little bouquet, setbacks that led to the varietal practically reaching extinction in the 1960s.

Planting acreage has since recovered, but only reaches around 12,000 hectares worldwide, so Viognier wines have a modest market presence in terms of volume.

Its origins are linked to ancient vineyards planted by the Romans in parts of their empire in Western and Eastern Europe, including the Rhône Valley, the most important production area.

Characteristics of viognier wines

A glass of viognier is heaven for drinkers drawn to the naturally lush, floral and acidic characteristics of white wines.

The wine attacks the nose with perfumed floral aromas, airy and bouncy. These notes are enhanced by full-bodied, fruity flavors that hit the palate and linger until the next sip.

It’s a smooth, fruity wine with less weight on the tongue than other whites, but bursting with juicy flavors of pears, violets, mangoes, mandarin orange and honeysuckle.

Barrel-free viognier wines maintain their light peach and apricot finish, while aged wines moderate their fruity acidity, producing a semi-dry spicy and vanilla finish.

Viognier wine pairing

Reserve your next bottle of viognier to accompany seafood, especially lobster, seared scallops, orange chicken, roasted pork chops, fried rice, warm soft cheeses like brie; Lo Mein with meat or vegetables, polenta and citrus, mainly orange.

Main producing regions of viognier wines

In France, viognier is the only grape allowed in the Château Grillet and Condrieu appellations of origin, west of the Rhône.

In the rest of the terroirs near the river, it is usually blended with Roussanne, Garnacha Blanca, Marsanne, and Rolle.

In North America it is present on the central coast of California, Virginia, Oregon, Washington and other states.

In Mexico it has been successfully planted in the Valle de Guadalupe and in Canada, on the east coast of Lake Erie. There are also vineyards in Australia (Valle Edén), Argentina and Chile.

10. Cut yourself

It is another type of white wine that receives less praise than it deserves, perhaps due to its production being practically limited to Italy, with few vineyards that have to put up with the temperamental nature of the Cortese grape.

While this grape yields among the best out there when done right, it requires a particularly warm atmosphere for the fruit to develop slowly, allowing its sugars to mature producing complex flavors without just hitting a punch of acidity.

If the heat is somewhat excessive, the grapes ripen without the necessary sugar, providing more sour notes that must then be moderated by malolactic fermentation.

Characteristics of the cortese wines

Vino Cortese is fresh, tart, structured and savory, striking equally with round notes of herbs, fruit and musk. It is a noticeable shade of green or straw and pours smooth and transparent without much foam or bubbles.

The cortese reviews all the flavor registers of white wine with notes of limes, bananas, passion fruit, mulch and wood smoke. It ends with a spike in acidity that plays on the back of the tongue and stays there thanks to the wine’s stickiness and almost greasy mouthfeel.

Pairing of courteous wines

The abundance of flavors and the rich, luxurious finish of the vino cortese enhance dishes that have their own distinct profiles such as clams, mussels, crab rolls, enchiladas, bruschetta, caprese salad, pesto sauce dishes and antipasti. It also goes well with Margarita pizza and most chicken dishes.

Main producing regions of cortese wines

The best Cortese wines are bred in the Piedmont and Lombardy regions of northern Italy.

In Piedmont, the main vineyards are in the provinces of Alessandria and Asti, where there are appellations of origin such as Cortese dell’Alto Monferrato, Colli Tortonesi and Cortese di Gavi.

In Lombardy there are significant plantations of the Cortese grape in the Oltrepò Pavese region, south of the Po River in the province of Pavia and in the provinces of Brescia and Mantova, near Lake Garda.

What are sweet white wines?

Sweet white wines usually have two origins: late harvest and added sugars. When the grape is harvested late, it spends more time exposed to the sun, so it gains in sugars and loses in acidity, producing sweeter wines. You can also achieve a desired sweetness point by adding the necessary amount of sugar.

Muscat, Riesling and Semillon grapes are particularly sweet.

What are dry white wines?

Dry white wines are those that contain very few unfermented sugars. The most popular are chardonnay and sauvignon blanc.

 What is the best dry white wine?

Chardonnay is the most popular of the dry white wines and is produced in every major wine region in the world.

There are all kinds of them, including those aged in wood and in steel, residences that give it different profiles of aromas and flavors.

Pinot blanc is among the driest white wines, while sauvignon blanc is another quality dry white wine at an affordable price.

What is a white wine?

It is a wine whose color ranges between greenish yellow, straw yellow and golden yellow, produced with both white and red grapes.

When it comes from red grapes, white wine does not turn red because the must is not allowed to be in contact with the skin, which is where the natural colorants are present.

What kind of white wine is used for cooking

When cooking, the better the quality of the wine, the more it will bring out the flavor of the recipe.

For a dish with strong, seasoned or spicy flavors, the best white wine options for cooking are Riesling and Gewurztraminery Viognier, with fruity and intense flavors that go very well with these foods.

Sauvignon blanc is a versatile white wine perfect for cooking dishes with mild and medium flavors.

Types of sparkling white wine

Sparkling white wines made with both white and red grapes are those that have a large amount of bubbles obtained by adding carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) or through a second fermentation.

The most famous sparkling white wine is champagne, whose bubbles are achieved by the double fermentation champenoise method, the first in Cuba and the second in the bottle. Another well-known sparkling white wine is the Spanish Cava.

Types of grapes for white wines

The main grapes for making white wines are white, with the most popular being Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Riesling. However, any red grape can be used to make white wine, as long as the must is not left in contact with the skins.

Mexican and Argentine white wines

Types of Mexican White Wines: Excellent types of white wines are produced in Mexico such as Don Luis Cetto Selección Reservada Viognier, Casa Grande Chardonnay Casa Madero, and Flor de Guadalupe Blanc de Blancs.

Types of Argentine white wines: Argentina is the world’s fifth-largest producer of wine and the first in Latin America.

The main volumes of Argentine white wines are obtained from Chardonnay, Torrontés (name given in the country to some white varietals), Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Riesling and Viognier grapes.

Types of white wines: additional information

Strain white wines: in viticulture, the strain is the trunk of the vine and the noun is used by extension to refer to varietals.

Among the main strains for white wines are chardonnay, sauvignon blanc, riesling, viognier and pinot blanc.

Characteristic white wine: it is generally a greenish or yellowish wine, fresh, fruity and with a certain acidity, which is consumed as a refreshing drink, an aperitif before eating or as an accompaniment to dessert.

Sweet and dry white wines: sweetness and dryness are opposite attributes in wines. There are grapes like Riesling that can cover a wide spectrum between sweetness and dryness.

With grapes that naturally give a dry wine, sweet wines can be made by adding sugar or letting the fruit ripen as much as possible.

Types of rosé wine: rosé wines do not come from any specific type of grape. They are produced with red grapes and with mixtures of these with white grapes. Its pink color is due to the fact that the must spends less time in contact with the skins, compared to red wines.

There are sweet cut and dry cut.

Approximate price of the main types of white wines

Casa Grande Gran Reserva Chardonnay Casa Madero (Mexico): 445 MXN (23.56 USD).

Deidesheimer Leinhöhle Riesling Trocken (Germany): 1015 MXN (53.71 USD).

La La Land Pinot Gris (Australia): 442 MXN (23.39 USD).

Domaine Ostertag Pinot Blanc (France): 691 MXN (36.56 USD).

Sierra Blanca Sauvignon Blanc LA Cetto (Mexico): 195 MXN (10.32 USD).

Gewürztraminer Hugel (France): 717 MXN (37.94 USD).

Moscatel Oro Floralis (Spain): 374 MXN (19.79 USD).

Torbreck Woodcutter’s Semillon (Australia): 596 MXN (31.54 USD).

Don Luis Viognier LA Cetto (Mexico): 209 MXN (11.07 USD).

Castellari Bergaglio Gavi di Gavi Rolona Cortese 2017 (Italy): €17.49 (USD 19.50; MXN 368.58).

We hope that this information has helped you learn more about the fascinating universe of types of white wines.


See also:

  • Also read our guide on the 6 types of sweet red wines you should try
  • We leave you our list with the 17 best Italian wines that you must try
  • Check out our guide on the 10 best Mexican rosé wines you should drink

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